New General Service List

the most important words for second language learners of English

Home to a wide range of free corpus-based word lists and tools for second language learners developed by Dr. Charles Browne, Dr. Brent Culligan and Joe Phillips.

Research

We have been so busy developing new corpora, word lists and online tools to help teachers, students, researchers and materials developers to take full  advantage of our word lists that we have not yet gotten around to writing many papers for peer-reviewed journals about our work (more coming soon!). In the meantime, here are a few smaller publications we have put out on our lists as well as research articles we have found by others that utilise our words lists as a significant part of the study .

We will add more to this page as more research is published. Please let us know of any others articles that you feel should be mentioned here.

Aoki, R. (2016), "Characteristics of high school entrance exams". Tokyo Women's College of Languages and Cultures Studies Journal, 24, 1-20.

Bennett, P., & Stoeckel, T. (2013). Developing equivalent forms of a test of general and academic vocabulary. In N. Sonda & A. Krause (Eds.), JALT2012 Conference Proceedings. Tokyo: JALT. 

Browne, C. (2016), "The NGSL, NAWL, TSL and BSL: Building a Path to EFL Success through Word Lists and Online Tools".  In Vocab@Tokyo Published Proceedings. Paper presented at Vocab@Tokyo Conference: Tokyo, Japan.

Browne, C. (2016), Miyata, Y. and Kawauchi, Y. (2016), "Does the NGSL provide good coverage for authentic listening materials such as TV shows and movies? A quick look at Star Wars and Friends". In Vocab@Tokyo Published Proceedings. Paper presented at Vocab@Tokyo Conference: Tokyo, Japan.

Browne, C. (2014), "The New General Service List Version 1.01:  Getting Better All the Time”, Korea TESOL Journal, KOTESOL, 11:1, 35-50.

Browne, C. (2014), "A New General Service List: The Better Mousetrap We’ve Been Looking For?”, Vocabulary Learning and Instruction, 3:2, 1-10.

Browne, C. (November, 2013), "A New General Service Vocabulary List: Helping Students Help Themselves”, The Language Teacher, 37:6, 43.

Browne, C. (November, 2013), "A New General Service Vocabulary for 2nd Language Learners”, The English Connection, KOTESOL, 13:3, 10-12.

Browne, C. (July, 2013), "The New General Service List: Celebrating 60 years of vocabulary learning”, The Language Teacher, 37:4, 13-15.

Browne, C. (May, 2013), “The New General Service List: A Core Vocabulary List for EFL Students and Teachers”, Cambridge Connections, Cambridge, 1-2.

Burkett, T (2015), "An Investigation into the Use of Frequency Vocabulary Lists in University Intensive English Programs". International Journal of Bilingual & Multilingual Teachers of English, Int. J. Bilin. Mult. Teach. Eng.3, No.2.

Chanasattru, S., & Tangkiengsirisin, S. (2017). The Word List Distribution in Social Science Research Articles.

Gilmore, A., & Millar, N. (2018). The language of civil engineering research articles: A corpus-based approach. English for Specific Purposes51, 1-17.

Hashimoto, S, Yu, Y, Shi, J and Zhan, H (2015), "Profiling Japanese EST students' vocabulary ability using the New General Service List Test (NGSLT) and the New Academic Word List Test (NAWLT)" ICAMechS, pp. 170-173 .

Hendry, C., & Sheepy, E. (2018). How much vocabulary is needed for comprehension of research publications in education?. Future-proof CALL: language learning as exploration and encounters–short papers from EUROCALL 2018, 94.

Higginbotham, G., & Reid, J. (2018). The Lexical Sophistication of Second Language Learners’ Academic Essays. Journal of English for Academic Purposes.

北野マグダ, & 千葉克裕. (2018). 語彙知識の一側面: 日本人大学生の理解が不足している高頻度語彙に関する考察. 文教大学国際学部紀要29(1), 19-29.

Laufer, B. (2014). Vocabulary in a second language: Selection, acquisition, and testing: A commentary on four studies for JALT vocabulary SIG. Vocabulary learning and instruction3(2), 38-46.

Lindgren, S.A. (2015), "Academic vocabulary and readability in EFL theses", Signe-Anita Lindegren,  Lexical Issues in L2 Writing, 155.

MacDonald, E. (2017), "Vocabulary Coverage of the NGSL for the Japanese National Center Test Between 2014-17" (unpublished MA paper for Kanda Gaigo University).

McLean, S., Ishii, T., Stoeckel, T., Bennett, P., & Matsumoto, Y. (2016). An edited version of the first eight 1,000-word frequency bands of the Japanese-English version of the Vocabulary Size Test. The Language Teacher, 40(4), 3-7. 

Maschio, C. (2017), "Using the New General Service List (NGSL) to develop level appropriate material" (unpublished MA paper for Kanda Gaigo University).

Sheridan, R. & Markslag, L. 2017). Effective Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary: An Introduction to Engaging Cooperative Vocabulary Card Activities. PASAA: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning in Thailand, v53 p214-229. 

Shin'ichi, H., Yan, Y., Jie, S., & Haiyan, Z. (2015, August). Profiling Japanese EST students' vocabulary ability using the New General Service List Test (NGSLT) and the New Academic Word List Test (NAWLT). In Advanced Mechatronic Systems (ICAMechS), 2015 International Conference on (pp. 170-173). IEEE.

Stoeckel, T., Ishii, T., & Bennett, P. (2018) A Japanese-English bilingual version of the New General Service List Test. JALT Journal. 

Stoeckel, T., & Stewart, J. (2016). The “I don’t know” option and L1 answer choices: A comparison of four variants of the Vocabulary Size Test. In B. Kramer (Ed.) Vocab@Tokyo Published Proceedings.

Stoeckel T. & Bennett, P. (2015). "A test of the New General Service List". Vocabulary Learning and Instruction,  4  (1), 18.