The TOEIC SERVICE LIST 1.1
On this page we will put various resources related to the new TOEIC Service List (Browne, C. & Culligan, B., 2016), also known as the TSL. Based on a 1.5 million word corpus of various TOEIC preparation materials, the 1200 words of the TSL 1.1 version gives up to 99% coverage of TOEIC materials and tests when combined with the 2800 words of the NGSL.
The 1.5 million word corpus consists of TOEIC textbooks, practice tests and TOEIC corpora gathered from other sources. A few of the textbooks used in the corpora are listed below.
600 Essential Words for the TOEIC - 3rd Edition
Achieve TOEIC Bridge
Barron’s TOEIC Practice Exams
Collins’ Practice Test for the TOEIC Test
Oxford practice tests for the TOEIC test
Oxford Preparation Course for the TOEIC test
Pass the TOEIC Test Advanced
Pass the TOEIC Test Intermediate
Practice Examinations for the TOEIC Test
Tactics for TOEIC Listening and Reading Tests
The analysis of the parts of speech in the corpus reveals a large number of proper nouns, and artifact of the type of text found in corpus. The parts of speech frequency can be broken down as follows:
Functors 630,147 40.39%
Lexeme 732,950 46.98%
Polyword 2,388 0.15%
Proper Nouns 194,709 12.48%
Totals 1,560,194 100%
As with our NGSL and NAWL word lists, we will be working hard to create and support the creation of a wide range of free tools for students, teachers, researchers and materials developers to better utilise the TSL. The TOEIC Service List and definitions are made available to you under the least restrictive Creative Commons license, meaning you are free to use or modify the list in any way you see fit as long as you give proper citation to the authors of the list.
If you create a useful online tool with the TSL, please let us know so we can post a link and help spread the word.
Downloadables for TSL 1.1 word list:
- Downloadable TSL 1.1 list (alphabetised) with brief explanation of corpus
- Downloadable TSL 1.1 list (alphabetised) lemmatised for research purposes
- Downloadable TSL 1.1 list (alphabetised) lemmatised for teaching purposes
- Downloadable TSL 1.1 list (by frequency)
- Downloadable TSL 1.1 list with definitions in easy English
Links for TSL 1.1 word list:
- TSL/NGSL on VocabProfile text analysis tool
- TSL/NGSL file for use with AntWordProfiler text analysis tool
- TSL/NGSL on OGTE text analysis tool
- Link to free TSL 1.1 flashcards on Quizlet with English definitions
- Link to free TSL 1.1 flashcards in Memrise with Japanese definitions
- the multi-lingual versions of TSL Quizlet flashcards from Paul Raines appear below:
TOEIC Service List by Browne, C. and Culligan, B. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://www.charlie-browne.com.